The Public Population Project in Genomics and Society (P³G) is a not-for-profit international consortium dedicated to fostering collaboration between population genomics researchers. This is done through the development of free and accessible research tools, resources and methods that help optimize and harmonize the design of biobank infrastructures and research projects.

P³G has built a global network of biobanks and experts representing the broad range of knowledge required to develop this field. Working with this community of experts, P³G strives to optimize the design of biobanks and facilitate the harmonization of research materials, methods and studies by developing innovative approaches and tools capable of meeting the challenges of complex, cutting-edge genomic, epidemiological and environmental research. Understanding that sharing information leads to scientific progress, P³G makes this knowledge freely available to the international scientific community through the P³G Observatory website.

P³G is guided by a Charter of Principles.


The goal of population-based biomedical research is to improve health for individuals and populations. Studying how genes interact with each other, environment and lifestyle is essential to better understanding diseases. Efforts such as The Human Genome Project, the International HapMap Project, and the profusion of reports and studies addressing susceptibility genes have contributed to a pressing need to generate large, well-characterized data sets from population samples. The collection and study of these samples helps the biomedical community unravel complex genetic and environmental interactions responsible for most common diseases.

The biomedical research community faces many distinctive challenges related to population studies, such as assembling the numbers of people necessary and comparing results. Although this research has the potential to positively impact the health of populations around the world, it is costly and time-consuming. By pooling together the results of well-designed studies, statistical power increases and provides rapid replications that can validate key findings. This is why harmonization is vital and why P³G was created.

P³G enables the international research community to determine more effective healthcare strategies aimed at disease prevention, as well as finding ways to tailor medicines and other treatment regimens to individuals, families and communities.


P³G primarily serves the research needs of biomedical researchers working with studies, biobanks, research databases and other similar health and social research infrastructures in the areas of human genomics, social science and environmental and epidemiological research. This international community includes biobankers, researchers, scientists and students working in the field of human genomics.


P³G brings the research community closer together, in person - at events held around the world - and online. These tools and strategies are developed with and for the research community and benefits from hands-on field expertise of a roster of researchers.

Principles of transparency and collaboration are integral to the P³G approach. All P³G resources such as tools, research projects, publications, etc., are developed with input from the international P³G community and intended to help the entire biomedical community. Each study has distinctive traits and retains control over its data and samples.


P³G is administered by an international Board of Directors. These members represent organizations conducting, using or collaborating with or planning to be involved in such fashion with health studies, biobanks, research databases and other similar health research infrastructures.

Funding for P³G was authorized following a review by an international review board. By law, P³G is required to undergo an external financial audit at least once a year. Moreover, P³G must submit scientific and financial reports to its funding agencies on a regular basis.


P³G is funded primarily by Genome Canada and Genome Québec. P³G is located at the McGill University and Genome Quebec Innovation Centre.